Eating and aging - Abstract
03 February 2014
Eating constitutes the first pleasure of the newborn. This act can remain a pleasure until the end of life provided that particular attention is paid to the quality of the meal and the environment in which it is eaten.
Dietary magnesium in Plants - Case study
22 March 2013
Magnesium is the most abundant mineral in the body after calcium, phosphorus and potassium. It is a vital element, since along with calcium it ensures neuronal function, in addition to numerous physiological functions. All cells in the human body require magnesium.
Grains are the principal source of dietary magnesium. Foods made from whole grains provide on average 100–150 mg of magnesium per 100 g of product, which is three to five times more than the amounts provided by refined grain products such as white rice, bread or pasta.
A vegetarian or vegetalian diet is at little risk of causing a magnesium deficiency, since magnesium is found at least in small quantities in practically all plants. However, there is no single food that can meet the recommended intake for magnesium. Magnesium is therefore one of the reasons why it is recommended to maintain a diet that includes a wide variety of foods.
Dietary behaviour of 11 to 15-year-olds in Europe - Case study
06 March 2013
In a study involving 40 countries, the European regional bureau of the World Health Organization (WHO) has taken a snapshot of the so-called “digital native” generation. Hooked on screens, lacking sleep and yet healthy, not over-stressed with school but preoccupied with their weight, the generation now aged 11 to 15 has a very distinctive set of lifestyle habits. A third of these young people are on a diet or wish to lose weight (especially girls), and many of them have experience with alcoholic intoxication and illicit drugs… Whether we look at dietary habits or modern lifestyles, this generation has been innovative and warrants closer examination, which is the goal of this monograph.
Understanding the evolution of our dietary behaviour to improve that of the future - Abstract
behaviour, consumption, environment
03 February 2013
Within the space of just two generations, society has swept away thousands of years' worth of cultural evolution regarding the understanding of vegetable and animal food resources.
The nutritional challenges for an ageing population - Case study
11 May 2012
Who are today’s seniors? What influence does the environment and age have on their health? What are the major obstacles to a balanced diet in our latter years? How widespread is undernutrition and how can it be stopped? What role do vegetables play in the diets of seniors? In this document, we will analyse and attempt to answer these questions.
How can the consumption of vegetables in Europe be increased ? - Abstract
03 February 2012
Everyone is aware nowadays that it is advisable to consume 'at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day'. Consumer information is not the issue: it is necessary to ask oneself what other factors are limiting consumption.
Plant biology, breeding and genetic engineering - Case study
25 January 2012
As living multi-cellular organisms, humans and vascular plants share numerous characteristics. Both are made up of cells, tissues and organs, and these cells contain DNA organized in a nucleus and carry out metabolic processes such as respiration and growth. The major differences are the energy source (fixed carbon versus photons) and certain aspects of the mode of reproduction. The following review of first-year university plant biology will prepare us to evaluate the state of the art in the practice of plant variety improvement and the creation of new organisms based on direct modification of DNA.
Contemplating the human diet: yesterday, today and tomorrow - Case study
12 September 2011
How has diet shaped human evolution? To what extent is it the focus of current mutations in the realm of consumerism? What issues will mark the years to come? These questions were discussed during the Louis Bonduelle Foundation 2011 Summit. Paleo-anthropologist, nutritionist and epidemiologist provide a multidisciplinary response.
Senior citizen and diet - Case study
30 March 2011
It may be surprising to some just how important the simple daily act of eating is for the health of individuals at an advanced age. More than just intake of appropriate quantities of nutrients, diet is an integral part of ensuring the general wellbeing of seniors and represents a daily pleasure that must be maintained by keeping meals enjoyable. In addition, investing in sound dietary practices will pay dividends in the form of decreased incidence of illnesses and hence lower health-care costs. Meanwhile, physical activity will only reinforce the benefits brought by a diet properly adapted to the reality of the lifestyle of the elderly.
Appetite control and eating disorders - Case study
relationship, behaviour, consumption
17 February 2011
In the most highly evolved life forms, the amount of calories ingested to meet metabolic needs is regulated through a phenomenon known as appetite. This finely tuned natural mechanism ensures that energy is available and expended in response to needs, thus maximizing the likelihood of survival. Understanding the mechanisms that govern appetite and satiety is an important and complex undertaking, whether adults or growing individuals are concerned, in other words, at all stages of life and under all physiological circumstances. However, in developed countries, this natural regulation of appetite and dietary intake now appears increasingly fraught with problems. To begin with, current fashion, fixated on thinness, is fuelling the tyranny of weight-loss diets, which place cognitive control of eating in perpetual opposition with the natural desire to eat. Furthermore, in our increasingly imagecentric societies, obesity is becoming stigmatized to the point that obese individuals now tend to remain imprisoned in a kind of psychic suffering that promotes dysfunction of appetite. The plethora of food offerings, in addition to the stress, overwork and fatigue that are now prevalent in occidental societies are also factors that tend to interfere with the natural regulation of eating.