Dossieres científicosVerduras y ciencia: últimas noticias sobre los temas más controvertidos

What is the place of pulses in our diet? - Abstract

Lentils, kidney beans, navy beans, split peas, chickpeas...: FAO has decided to highlight this wide range of pulses by declaring "2016 the International Year of Pulses". Why? Because the latter "can help fight hunger, malnutrition, and improve the sustainability of agricultural systems" explains the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations. No less than that! Pulses have more than one trick in their pods: they have a very interesting nutritional profile, are economically accessible and offer long shelf-life... In addition, their cultivation fosters sustainable agriculture: highly water efficient, with nitrogen fixing properties which means pulses can improve soil fertility. Despite all that, the consumption of pulses is not taking off. It is even regressing in some countries. Why? What barriers need to be knocked down to give them their rightful place, to those presented today as "Super Food"? The Louis Bonduelle Foundation invites you in the following pages to (re) discover the current role of pulses in the human diet and the obstacles that need to be overcome to support their return to grace, whose premises are already been felt.

Plant based protein responding to new challenges

According to the projections of the United Nations (UN) experts, global food consumption will double in the next 20 years. With the challenge of feeding 9.1 billion people in 2050, nutritional, environmental and food safety concerns about the production of food are emerging globally.

The benefits of vitamin E: Real or potential?

Vitamin E is a collective term that refers to a group of fat‐soluble vitamin compounds. Discovered in 1922 by Evans and Bishop, these compounds are not synthesized in the human body and must be obtained in dietary form. They occur naturally in many fat‐containing foods. Vitamin E is a major antioxidant and plays a role in protecting polyunsaturated fatty acid chains from peroxidation, a chemical reaction initiated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and leading to the production of highly toxic derivatives. Vitamin E captures and neutralizes ROS and free radicals before cell structures are damaged. Oxidative phenomena are involved in numerous degenerative processes, in particular aging, cancer and cardiovascular disease. In addition to its antioxidant activity, vitamin E is involved in immune function, modulating inflammatory processes (through its action on prostaglandins) and platelet aggregation. The purpose of this document is to characterize current knowledge among French adults and children with regard to vitamin E and to provide an overview of what is known about the health effects or benefits of maintaining the recommended levels of vitamin E in the diet.

How to limit food losses and waste? - abstract

The question of global food losses and waste is now given great attention. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), almost one third of the food produced in the world for consumption is lost or wasted. Such a critical phenomenon, that it needs to be addressed as an integral part of the global food systems at two levels: first, ensure to produce enough food and of quality to feed everyone, secondly, to limit the ecological footprint. Food losses and waste reduction is therefore an important lever to aim at sustainable food that can face an ever increasing global demand. It is also a challenge that is of the responsibility of all the stakeholders involved in the food chain...The Louis Bonduelle Foundation here is reviewing the global food waste situation, by listing the feasible actions that could be taken at each stage of the supply chain, with everybody's involvement, this challenge can be addressed.

Food Wastage: Overview and Prospects

Food wastage is a complex process that occurs throughout the food supply chain. In developing countries, more than half of food losses and waste occur at the beginning of the chain during production—because of unsuitable agricultural practices and post-harvest operations—or during storage and transportation. In developed countries, food is wasted at the end of the chain primarily by consumers who do so without even being aware of it. The reasons for their waste are mainly behavioural: inadequate grocery planning, strict adherence to expiry dates, and a lack of knowledge about how to cook with leftovers.

Teenagers and dietary emancipation - Abstract

Not yet adults but no longer children, adolescents make up a very distinctive population distinguished by a desire to assert themselves by making choices independently of parental influence and norms dictated to them. Diet does not escape from their questioning of proposed models, whether these emanate from the family sphere, school, public authorities, or even their own peer groups. Although there is indeed an adolescent culture associated with the disruptive change towards a diet made up largely of French fries, pizza, sodas and fast foods (heightening the risk of obesity and diabetes), the dietary behaviour of adolescents should not be reduced to this caricature. At any age, numerous factors influence dietary choices, and adolescence is no exception to this rule.

Alimentación y envejecimiento

Comer es el primer placer del recién nacido. Este acto puede seguir siendo un placer toda la vida, siempre que se preste especial atención a la calidad de la comida y al ambiente en el que se consume. 

Dietary magnesium in Plants - Case study

Magnesium is the most abundant mineral in the body after calcium, phosphorus and potassium. It is a vital element, since along with calcium it ensures neuronal function, in addition to numerous physiological functions. All cells in the human body require magnesium.

Grains are the principal source of dietary magnesium. Foods made from whole grains provide on average 100–150 mg of magnesium per 100 g of product, which is three to five times more than the amounts provided by refined grain products such as white rice, bread or pasta.

A vegetarian or vegetalian diet is at little risk of causing a magnesium deficiency, since magnesium is found at least in small quantities in practically all plants. However, there is no single food that can meet the recommended intake for magnesium. Magnesium is therefore one of the reasons why it is recommended to maintain a diet that includes a wide variety of foods.

Dietary behaviour of 11 to 15-year-olds in Europe - Case study

In a study involving 40 countries, the European regional bureau of the World Health Organization (WHO) has taken a snapshot[1] of the so-called “digital native” generation. Hooked on screens, lacking sleep and yet healthy, not over-stressed with school but preoccupied with their weight, the generation now aged 11 to 15 has a very distinctive set of lifestyle habits. A third of these young people are on a diet or wish to lose weight (especially girls), and many of them have experience with alcoholic intoxication and illicit drugs… Whether we look at dietary habits or modern lifestyles, this generation has been innovative and warrants closer examination, which is the goal of this monograph.

Understanding the evolution of our dietary behaviour to improve that of the future - Abstract

Within the space of just two generations, society has swept away thousands of years' worth of cultural evolution regarding the understanding of vegetable and animal food resources.

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