Children should eat more fruit and vegetables : Results of PRO GREENS

28 February 2012

A diet rich in fruit and vegetables is important forthe  physical and cognitive development in children and for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases. In Germany, 816 pupils (boys and girls, aged 10-13 years) from 14 state schools in the central region of Hesse were asked about their consumption of fruit and vegetables in May 2009. The results show an average daily consumption of 185 g of fruit and 83 g of vegetables.

There is no significant difference in the amount of fruit consumed by boys and girls. Regarding the amount of vegetables intake, there is a significant difference between the sexes.

School children eat more fruit than vegetables. Moreover, they prefer sweet fruits and convenient vegetables. German school children still do not reach national recommendations concerning the consumption of fruit and vegetables, although the current results show consumption levels approximately equal to or lower (for fruit, but not for vegetables), as results of other studies (e.g., National Consumption Study II, Donald Study, and EsKiMo Study). Campaigns for health promotion should focus on consumption of both fruit and vegetables to ensure a wide variety of food choices and nutrient intake.

Behrendt I, Krawinkel M.

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2012 Feb;55(2):254-9.

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