Scientific Name

Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae family)

Common name


Rocket varieties

Vegetables of the same family: broccolirapini, swede

Discover how to grow rocket

The name rocket comes from the Italian "rochetta".

It is a wild lettuce with long, straight soft green leaves and a dark red stem.

Young de rocket shoots have a hazelnut taste, while the older leaves have a pungent, slightly bitter flavour. Its seeds are used as a condiment and produce a flavoursome oil.


It is produced in Italy and France.


The growing popularity of Mediterranean cuisine has boosted rocket’s reputation. Rocket is now eaten across Europe, even in the North.

Nutritional values (per 100 g)




25 kcal


2.58 g


3.65 g


0.66 g


1.6 g


27 mg


369 mg

2,000 mg


160 mg

800 mg


1.46 mg

14 mg


47 mg

375 mg


0.3 mg

55 µg

Vitamin C

15 mg

80 mg

Vitamin B5

0.437 mg

6 mg

*Data **Recommended Daily Intake

Nutritionist’s advice

Rocket is rich in calcium, which is quite rare.

It also contains iron and vitamin C.

Renowned for its high erucic content, which can be toxic in large doses, it features widely in salads across south America. In southern Europe, it is eaten as part of mixed salads.

When it comes to portions...?

  • a child portion : one handful
  • an adult portion : two handfuls

Cooking and nutrition: tasty combinations

Discover our recipes with rocket

  • Rocket is mostly eaten in salads, mixed or by itself. It provides a pungent note to tartare and carpaccio dishes.
  • It also goes well with goat’s cheese. It is very popular in Italy, where it is used as a topping on pizzas, in pasta and risotto dishes.
  • Rocket salad with Parmesan: A harmonious blend of rocket, chopped tomatoes and grilled pine nuts, shavings of Parmesan, sprinkled with a good quality oil and lemon juice; this salad offers a tasty cocktail of vitamins, calcium and essential fatty acids.
  • Rocket and prawn salad with lemon: Rocket is combined with a confit of red peppers, some shelled prawns and lemon to bring out the iodized and marine flavours. It’s also a great source of vitamins C and pro-A, proteins and trace elements.

>> See all of the foundation’s recipes